What’s the Difference Between a TBI and a Head Injury?

When it comes to head injuries, the terms “traumatic brain injury” (TBI) and “head injury” are often used interchangeably. However, while all TBIs are head injuries, not all head injuries are TBIs. Understanding the difference between these two terms is crucial for anyone who has experienced a blow to the head, as it can impact the course of treatment and the potential long-term consequences.

Types of Head Injuries

Head injuries can be broadly categorized into two main types: closed-head injuries and open-head injuries. The main difference between the two is whether the skull has been penetrated or not.

Closed Head Injury

A closed head injury happens when the head suffers a blow or impact without the skull being penetrated. This can occur due to falls, motor vehicle accidents, or sports-related incidents. While the skull remains intact, the brain can still be damaged by sudden movement or impact, leading to concussions, contusions, or intracranial hemorrhage.

Open Head Injury

An open head injury, also known as a penetrating head injury, occurs when an object pierces or breaks the skull. This can be caused by high-velocity projectiles, such as bullets, or by sharp objects like knives or bone fragments from a skull fracture. Open head injuries often result in more localized damage to the brain tissue and can lead to complications such as infections.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a subset of head injuries that specifically involve damage to the brain tissue. TBIs can be classified based on their severity:

Mild TBI

Also known as a concussion, a mild TBI is the most common type of brain injury. Symptoms may include headaches, dizziness, confusion, and brief loss of consciousness. Most people with mild TBIs recover fully, but some may experience ongoing symptoms, known as post-concussion syndrome.

Moderate TBI

A moderate TBI involves a loss of consciousness lasting between 30 minutes and 24 hours, and the person may experience confusion lasting up to a week. Physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms are more pronounced and may persist for months or even years after the injury.

Severe TBI

A severe TBI involves an extended period of unconsciousness (more than 24 hours) and can result in significant cognitive, physical, and emotional impairments. People with severe TBIs often require extensive rehabilitation and may experience long-term or permanent disabilities.

Compensation Available for Head Injuries and TBI

Depending on the nature and extent of your TBI or head injury, you might be able to recover compensation for the following losses:

  • Past, current, and future medical expenses
  • Lost income from time you have missed at work due to your injuries
  • Reduced earning capacity if your injuries prevent you from going back to your previous job
  • Physical and emotional pain and suffering
  • Loss of enjoyment of life

Consulting with an experienced Southern Missouri head injury attorney can give you an informed estimate of how much your case is worth.

Contact Our Southern Missouri Brain Injury Attorneys At Privette Law Office Today

Living with a head injury or TBI can feel like your whole world has been turned upside-down. However, it is essential to remember that you have legal options available to help get your life back on track. Working with the seasoned Willow Springs personal injury attorneys at Privette Law Office can give you the support and advocacy you need to recover the compensation you deserve. Call us today or contact us online for a free consultation to learn more.